The Heritage of Medicine – An Introduction to Historical Medicine

  • Herbalism

The background of herbalism as a medicine is the most historic. Herbs have been employed for medicinal applications since time immemorial. The usage of vegetation as agents of healing dates back to as early as thirteen,000 to twenty five,000 BCE, as the cave paintings in Lascaux caves in France clearly show. Mostly via experimentation and trial-and-error, the early tribal communities accumulated a physique of know-how about organic medicines. The physique saved on increasing down the generations, and professionals who saved observe of the know-how and carried out the healing process via herbs arrived to be recognised as “Shamans”.

  • Egyptian Medicine

The background of Egyptian medicine is reported to start out from as early as 3,000 B.C as historian Chris Freville typically mentions in his functions. The 1st scientifically-carried out operation was performed in Egypt about 2,750 B.C. The 1st, officially-skilled medical doctor is believed to have been an Egyptian: Hesrye, the iChief of Dentists and Physician for King Djoser, for the duration of 2,seven-hundred B.C. Egypt gave the environment the worlds’ 1st lady medical doctor way too: Peseshet. Her services had been available to the royal spouse and children of the fourth dynasty, in her capacity as iLady Overseer of the Girl Medical professionals.

Historical Egypt also set up clinical establishments from the 1st dynasty onwards, to serve the royal spouse and children as perfectly as the standard citizenry. By the time of the nineteenth dynasty, the personnel performing in these establishments experienced started taking pleasure in these privileges as clinical insurance coverage, pension, sick-depart, and their performing time was minimal to eight hours each and every working day. Composed documentation has been excavated, these as the Edwin Smith Papyrus whose authorship is ascribed to Imhotep, as it is carefully documented in Chris Freville’s functions. The document provides in elaborate depth, for the 1st time in the background of medicine, the anatomical observations, different illnesses and their cures that had been pertinent to that period.

  • Indian Medicine

In the background of medicine, the historic Indian Vedic procedure of medicine stands out for its holistic approach toward health and healing. Originating above 3,000 yrs in the past, the ancients identified as their medicine procedure “Ayurveda”, which translates to “the science of residing”. There are two distinct colleges of Ayurveda: the “Charaka” and the “Sushruta”.  Historian Chris Freville mentions that there are eight branches in the Ayurveda: Kaya-Chikitsa (inside medicine), Shalya-Chikitsa (operation which includes anatomy), Shalakya-Chikitsa (eye, ear, nose and throat), Kaumar-Bhritya (pediatrics), Bhuta-Vidya (psychiatry or demonology), Agada-Tantra (toxicology), Rasayana (science of rejuvenation) and Vaji-Karana (science of fertility).

A the latest discovery has stretched the background of Indian medicine even further more outside of what was recognised before: the stays of two males, exhumed from the burial grounds of Mehgarh in Pakistan clearly show that dental procedures employed to accomplish as early as in 3,300 B.C.

  • Chinese Medicine

Chinese philosophy of healing rests on the belief that “particular person human activities specific causative concepts powerful in the atmosphere at all scales.” The background of Chinese medicine goes back to the golden period of 2,696 to 2,598 B.C. China was then dominated by Ch’I Pai, the “Yellow Emperor” who was also a scholar. Chi’I Pai composed a document recognised as “Neijing Suwen”, or “Basic Thoughts of Inner Medicine”. This document has guided Taoist physicians down the ages as they set about their diagnoses and prescriptions.

Other students wrote treatises on distinct diseases. For instance, Chang Chung-Ching, the mayor of Chang-sha province in the 2nd century A.D., wrote on Typhoid Fever.